Pinsky ba, sahoo mk, sandlund j, kleman m, kulkarni m, grufman p et al analytical performance characteristics of the cepheid genexpert ebola assay for the detection of ebola virus plos one 2015 nov 110(11) e0142216. Ebola: key characteristics compared to other infectious diseases ebola hepatitis c hiv influenza - h1n1 pandemic influenza - seasonal lassa fever malaria marburg measles pertussis polio sars tuberculosis. West africa experienced the biggest outbreak of the ebola virus ever known, causing thousands of deaths, devastating fragile healthcare systems and damaging the economies of countries, some of.
Ebola virus disease (evd) is a rare and deadly disease most commonly affecting people and nonhuman primates (monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees) it is caused by an infection with one of five known ebola virus species, four of which can cause disease in people. Zika virus infection overview transmission zika virus is transmitted primarily through the bite of an infected aedes mosquito, the same mosquito that transmits dengue fever and chikungunya, but diﬀerent from the mosquito that transmits malaria. Texas, usa 1996 ebola/reston 0 (0%) introduction of virus with imported monkeys from the philippines mayibout and booué, gabon 1996 ebola/zaire 104 (64%) 2 epidemics (february and july to december.
The epidemiology and pathogenesis of ebola virus disease will be presented here, including knowledge that emerged during and after the west african epidemic of ebola virus disease the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of ebola virus disease are discussed elsewhere. Ebola is a deadly disease caused by a virus there are five strains, and four of them can make people sick after entering the body, it kills cells, making some of them explode. It is useful to note that the marburg virus is morphologically indistinguishable from the ebola virus, and laboratory surveillance of ebola is extremely hazardous and should be performed in a containment level 4 facility (1, 2, 12, 35. A real-life outbreak of the ebola virus was occurring in zaire when the film was released plot in 1967, a virus called motaba, which causes a deadly fever, is discovered in the african jungle to keep the virus a secret, us army officers donald mcclintock and william ford destroy the camp where soldiers. Intense transmission of the virus the overview also provides information on countries with localized transmission of the virus, such as senegal and nigeria, or at risk of ebola virus disease (evd) transmission.
A virus similar to ebola & lassa is discovered in africa in 1969 25 years later, it resurfaces - and col sam daniels of the us army is sent in to investigate it when he returns he warns his boss, brigadier-gen ford, of the lethal nature of the virus and wants to put out an alert. Little is known, however, about the prevalence and characteristics of patients entering an etu who were infected with malaria parasites, either alone or concurrently with ebola virus methods data for sociodemographics, disease characteristics, and mortality were analysed for patients with suspected evd admitted to three etus in sierra leone. Ebola is a serious and deadly virus transmitted by animals and humans it was initially detected in 1976 in sudan and the democratic republic of congo researchers named the disease after the. Ebola virus disease is a severe viral infection, with a very high mortality rate it's caused by the ebola virus, a filovirus , which means it looks like a piece of thread, or filament, that's. The ebola virus is introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals such as chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead or in the rainforest.
Ebola virus disease: background and summary disease outbreak news 3 april 2014 - who is supporting the national authorities in the response to an outbreak of ebola virus disease (evd formerly known as ebola haemorrhagic fever. The ebola virus is a negative stranded enveloped rna virus this virus is a member of the family filoviridae, which has one other member associated in the family, the marburg these viruses have been shown to cause hemorrhagic fevers in infected humans. Marzi a, hanley pw, haddock e, et al efficacy of vesicular stomatitis virus-ebola virus postexposure treatment in rhesus macaques infected with ebola virus makona j infect dis 2016 214:s360 cnops l, gerard m, vandenberg o, et al risk of misinterpretation of ebola virus pcr results after rvsv zebov-gp vaccination. Ebola virus summary and tips as many of you have already heard from friends, family, strangers, or the news, the largest ebola outbreak known to man is occurring right now in africa the ebola virus awakens in africa every several years and causes a fatal outbreak due to the severity of disease, lack of medical care, and poor hygiene in africa. Ebola characteristics and comparisons to other infectious diseases the current outbreak of ebola virus in west africa has been declared a public health emergency of.
Drosten c, gottig s, schilling s, et al rapid detection and quantification of rna of ebola and marburg viruses, lassa virus, crimean-congo hemorrhagic fever virus, rift valley fever virus, dengue virus, and yellow fever virus by real-time reverse transcription-pcr. Ebola virus is a lethal, highly contagious virus for which there is presently no treatment the symptoms are somewhat non-specific, and include fever, severe diarrhea and vomiting. Overview ebola virus and marburg virus are related viruses that cause hemorrhagic fevers — illnesses marked by severe bleeding (hemorrhage), organ failure and, in many cases, death both viruses are native to africa, where sporadic outbreaks have occurred for decades. Ebola hemorrhagic fever is caused by a virus it is a severe and often fatal disease it can affect humans and other primates researchers believe that the virus first spreads from an infected animal to a human.
The ebola virus has characteristics that are very similar to another virus from filoviridae family of viruses called the marburg virus this virus was first described in summer of 1967 when an outbreak of unknown disease occurred in germany and yugoslavia. Ebola virus has a unique set of characteristics that determines its spread and how deadly it is to better understand ebola, we pose five key questions about ebola and compare it to twelve other. Summary background the 2014–15 ebola virus disease (evd) epidemic strained health systems in west africa already overburdened with other diseases, including malaria either alone or in combination with ebola virus, and to compare case characteristics and survival outcomes between groups with varying infection states we included all.
Ebola virus diseases (evd) (sometimes called ebola hemorrhagic fever) is the disease caused by infection with an ebola virus it is a type of viral hemorrhagic fever (vhf) brought on by any of several strains of viruses in the ebolavirus genus. This free online course offers decision-makers and frontline responders an overview of ebola virus disease and access to e-protect training, intended to help yourself and members of your team from contracting ebola and prevent further transmission of the disease.